Member Information

Hari Osofsky
Hari M. Osofsky

Penn State Law and Penn State School of International Affairs

252 Lewis Katz Building
State College, PA 16802

Hari M. Osofsky is Dean of Penn State Law and the Penn State School of International Affairs and Distinguished Professor of Law, Professor of International Affairs, and Professor of Geography. As dean, she is deeply committed to collaboratively building legal and international affairs education for a changing society, and is leading initiatives in mentoring, technology, interdisciplinary and international partnerships, and diversity, equity, and inclusion, and anti-racism. The American Bar Associations Legal Technology Resource Center recognized her for this leadership as one of the 2019 Women of Legal-Tech. Dean Osofsky's over 50 publications focus on improving governance and addressing injustice in energy and climate change regulation. Dean Osofsky has collaborated extensively with business, government, and nonprofit leaders to make bipartisan progress on these issues through her leadership and teaching. Her professional leadership roles have included, among others, serving as President of the Association for Law, Property, and Society and as a member of the Deans Steering Committee of the American Association of Law Schools Executive Council of the American Society of International Law, International Law Associations Committee on the Legal Principles of Climate Change, Board of Governors of the Society of American Law Teachers, and editorial board of Climate Law. Dean Osofsky received a Ph.D. in geography from the University of Oregon and a J.D. from Yale Law School. Prior to joining the Pennsylvania State University, Dean Osofsky served on the faculties of University of Minnesota Law School, Washington and Lee University School of Law, University of Oregon School of Law, and Whittier Law School.

Work Phone:
814-863-1521
Website:
https://pennstatelaw.psu.edu/faculty/osofsky

EPA Region:
3
Year of induction:
2020
Degrees:
Yale College, B.A., magna cum laude, May 1993 Distinction in both majors, Philosophy and Studies in the Environment Yale Law School, J.D., June 1998 University of Oregon, Ph.D., Geography, June 2013 Dissertation Scales of Law Rethinking Climate Change Governance
Admissions:
State Courts of California
Court Admissions:
U.S. District Court of the Central District of California U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Professional Societies and Organizations:
American Society of International Law Executive Council Member (201114) Membership Committee Co-Chair (20122017) Book Awards Committee (201112) Interest Groups International Law and Technology Vice-Chair (2019present) International Environmental Law Co-Chair (2015Present) ASIL-Midwest Co-Chair (201314) Rights of Indigenous Peoples Co-Chair (20062008) 21st Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris, France Delegation Chair (2015) Annual Meeting Co-Chair (2010) Program Committee (2008) Research Forum Program Committee (2012) ASIL Benchbook Editorial Advisory Committee (20102014) Association of American Law Schools Deans Steering Committee (2020-present) Section on the Law School Dean Executive Committee (2021Present) Section on International Law Executive Committee (20092014) Secretary (2019) Chair Elect (2020-21) Chair (2021-Present) Section on Technology, Law and Legal Education Executive Committee (2019Present) Section on Women in Legal Education Executive Committee (2019Present) 2017 Workshop for New Law School Teachers Planning Committee Member (20162017) Section on Property Law Chair (201314) Chair-Elect, (201213) Executive Committee (2006, 201012 20142016) Section on Natural Resources and Energy Law, Executive Advisory Committee (20152017) Association for Law, Property, and Society Officer Positions President (20122013) President-Elect (201112) Treasurer (20102011) Board of Directors Member (201014) Ex Officio Member (20142018) Annual Meeting Co-Organizer and Host (2013) Committees Mentoring (2013Present) Nominating (20102013) Womens Energy and Climate Change Network Co-Founder (2017Present) International Bar Associations Model Statute on Climate Change Remedies Working Group Member (2015Present) International Law Association Committee on the Legal Principles Relating to Climate Change (20092014) International Law Weekend Co-Chair (2007) Organizing Committee (2006) International Law Weekend West Co-Chair (2005) Organizing Committee (2007, 2003) International Law Weekend Midwest Organizing Committee (2013) Junior International Law Scholars Association Co-Organizer (20052007) Society of American Law Teachers (SALT) Board of Governors (20102019) Chair, Pipeline Committee (2011, 20142019). Climate Law Editorial Board Member (2009-Present) Journal of Environmental Law and Litigation National Advisory Board member (20092017) Vulnerable Populations and Economic Realities Editorial Board Member (2011 Carolina Academic Press) Climate Legacy Initiative Consultants Working Group (20082009)
Other Environmental Career Experience:
University of Minnesota Law School, Minneapolis, MN Robins Kaplan Professor (20162017) Professor with Tenure (20132017) Associate Professor with Tenure (20102013) Founding Director (201314), Faculty Director (20142017), Energy Transition Lab Director, Joint Degree Program in Law, Science & Technology (20132017) Faculty Member, Conservation Sciences Graduate Program (20112017) Adjunct Professor, Department of Geography, Environment and Society (20112017) Fellow, Institute on the Environment (20112017) Julius E. Davis Chair in Law (201415) Fesler-Lampert Chair in Urban and Regional Affairs (201314) Interim Director, Consortium on Law and Values in Health, Environment & the Life Sciences and Joint Degree Program in Law, Health & the Life Sciences (20122013) Lampert Fesler Research Fellow (2011) Associate Director of Law, Geography & Environment, Consortium on Law and Values in Health, Environment & the Life Sciences (20102012) Washington and Lee University School of Law, Lexington, VA Associate Professor (20082010) University of Oregon School of Law, Eugene, OR Assistant Professor (20062008) Visiting Assistant Professor (200506) Whittier Law School, Costa Mesa, CA Assistant Professor and Director, Center for International and Comparative Law (20032006) Vermont Law School, South Royalton, VT Visiting Assistant Professor (Fall 2002) Summer Faculty (2003) Loyola Law School, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA Adjunct Professor (Spring 2003) Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University School of Law, Guangzhou, China Visiting Scholar Yale-China Legal Education Fellow China Law Center Fellow (200102) Yale College of Arts and Sciences, New Haven, CT Visiting Lecturer (Spring 1998) Additional Professional Experience Childrens Investment Fund Foundation, London, United Kingdom Consultant (2015Present) Center for Law in the Public Interest, Los Angeles, CA Fellow working on public interest impact litigation, with focus on environmental justice (19992001) Judge Dorothy W. Nelson, 9th Circuit Court of Appeals, Pasadena, CA Law Clerk (199899) Global Environment and Trade Study (GETS), New Haven, CT Assistant Director for Programs (199597) Supportive Childrens Advocacy Network (SCAN), New York, NY Part-time Development Assistant to Executive Director (19941995) New York City Department of General Services, New York, NY Urban Fellow working on the agencys Quality Management Initiative (19931994)
Representative Publications:
Books LINCOLN L. DAVIES, ALEXANDRA B. KLASS, HARI M. OSOFSKY, JOE TOMAIN & ELIZABETH WILSON, ENERGY LAW AND POLICY (2d Ed, 2018). JACQUELINE PEEL & HARI M. OSOFSKY, CLIMATE CHANGE LITIGATION REGULATORY PATHWAYS TO CLEANER ENERGY (2015, Cambridge University Press). LINCOLN L. DAVIES, ALEXANDRA B. KLASS, HARI M. OSOFSKY, JOE TOMAIN & ELIZABETH WILSON, ENERGY LAW AND POLICY (2014, West Academic Publishers) HARI M. OSOFSKY & LESLEY K. MCALLISTER, CLIMATE CHANGE LAW AND POLICY (Elective Series) (2012, Aspen Publishers). ADJUDICATING CLIMATE CHANGE STATE, NATIONAL, AND INTERNATIONAL APPROACHES (William C.G. Burns & Hari M. Osofsky, eds.) (2009, Cambridge University Press). Articles in Law Reviews and Interdisciplinary Peer-Review Journals Hari M. Osofsky, Jacqueline Peel, Brett McDonnell & Anita C. Foerster, Green Boardrooms, CONN. L. REV. (forthcoming 2021). JACQUELINE PEEL & HARI M. OSOFSKY, CLIMATE CHANGE LITIGATION, 16 ANN. REV. L. & SOC. SCI. 21 (2020) (accepted through peer review). Jacqueline Peel, Anita Foerster, Brett McDonnell and Hari M. Osofsky, Governing the Energy Transition The Role of Corporate Law Tools, ENVTL & PLANNING L.J. (2020) (accepted through peer review). Hari M. Osofsky, Jacqueline Peel, Brett McDonnell & Anita C. Foerster, Energy Re-Investment, 94 INDIANA L.J. 635 (2019). Jacqueline Peel, Hari M. Osofsky & Anita C. Foerster, Shaping the Next Generation of Climate Change Litigation in Australia, 41 MELBOURNE UNIV. L. REV. 793 (2018). Jacqueline Peel & Hari M. Osofsky, Rights Turn in Climate Change Litigation, TRANSNATIONAL ENVTL. L. 1-31 (2017). Anita C. Foerster, Jacqueline Peel, Hari M. Osofsky & Brett McDonnell, Keeping Good Company in the Transition to a Low Carbon Economy An Evaluation of Climate Risk Disclosure Practices in Australia, 65 COMPANY & SEC. L.J. 695 (2017). Hari M. Osofsky & Jacqueline Peel, Energy Partisanship, 65 EMORY L.J. 695 (2016) (awarded 2018 Morrison Prize by Arizona State University). Hari M. Osofsky, Jessica Shadian & Sara L. Fechtelkotter, Arctic Energy Cooperation, 49 U.C. DAVIS L. REV. 1431 (2016). Hannah J. Wiseman & Hari M. Osofsky, Regional Energy Governance and U.S. Carbon Emissions 43 ECOL. L. Q. 143 (2016). Jacqueline Peel & Hari M. Osofsky, Sue to Adapt, 99 MINN. L. REV. 2133 (2015). Hari M. Osofsky, Rethinking the Geography of Local Climate Action Multi-Level Network Participation in Metropolitan Regions, 2015 UTAH L. REV. 173. Hari M. Osofsky & Hannah J. Wiseman, Hybrid Energy Governance 2014 ILL. L. REV. 1. Hari M. Osofsky & Jacqueline Peel, Litigations Regulatory Pathways and the Administrative State Lessons from U.S. and Australian Climate Change Governance 25 GEORGETOWN INTL ENVTL L. REV. 207 (2013). Jacqueline Peel & Hari M. Osofsky, The Role of Litigation in Multilevel Climate Change Governance Possibilities for a Lower Carbon Future, 30 ENVTL & PLANNING L.J. 303 (2013) (accepted through peer review). Jacqueline Peel & Hari M. Osofsky, Climate Change Litigations Regulatory Pathways A Comparative Analysis of the United States and Australia, 35 L. & POLY 150 (2013) (accepted through peer review). Hari M. Osofsky & Hannah J. Wiseman, Dynamic Energy Federalism, 72 MARYLAND L. REV. 773 (2013). Hari M. Osofsky, Suburban Climate Change Efforts Possibilities for Small and Nimble Cities Participating in State, Regional, National, and International Networks, 22 CORNELL J. L. & PUB. POLY 35 (2012). Hari M. Osofsky, Kate Baxter-Kauf, Bradley Hammer, Ann Mailander, Brett Mares, Amy Pikovsky, Andrew Whitney & Laura Wilson, Environmental Justice and the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, 20 N.Y.U. ENVTL L.J. 99 (2012). Hari M. Osofsky, Multidimensional Governance and the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, 63 FLORIDA L. REV 1077 (2011) (selected for Land Use and Environment Law Reviews compilation of the top land use and environmental law articles). Hari M. Osofsky, The Role of Climate Change Litigation in Establishing the Scale of Energy Regulation, 101 ANNALS ASSOC. AM. GEOGRAPHERS 775 (2011) (accepted through peer review process for special issue on Energy). Hari M. Osofsky, Diagonal Federalism and Climate Change Implications for the Obama Administration, 62 ALABAMA L. REV. 237 (2011) (winner of the Association of American Geographers Climate Specialty Groups Student Paper Competition). Hari M. Osofsky, Climate Change and Environmental Justice Reflections on Litigation over Oil Extraction and Rights Violations in Nigeria, 1 JOURNAL OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE ENVIRONMENT 189 (2010) (solicited accepted through peer review process). Hari M. Osofsky, The Continuing Importance of Climate Change Litigation, 1 CLIMATE LAW 3 (2010) (solicited accepted through peer review process as lead article of inaugural journal issue). Hari M. Osofsky, Is Climate Change International Litigations Diagonal Regulatory Role, 49 VA. J. INTL L. 585 (2009). Hari M. Osofsky, The Geography of Justice Wormholes Dilemmas from Property and Criminal Law, 53 VILLANOVA L. REV. 117 (2008). Hari M Osofsky, The Geography of Climate Change Litigation Part II Narratives of Massachusetts v. EPA, 8 CHICAGO J. INTL L. 573 (2008) (awarded the Daniel B. Luten Award for the best paper by a professional geographer by the Energy and Environment Specialty Group of the Association of American Geographers). Hari M. Osofsky & Janet Koven Levit, The Scale of Networks Local Climate Change Coalitions, 8 CHICAGO J. INTL L. 409 (2008). Hari M. Osofsky, Climate Change Litigation as Pluralist Legal Dialogue, 26 STANFORD ENVTL. L.J. & 43 STANFORD J. INTL L. 181 (2007) (Joint Issue) (runner-up for Land Use and Environment Law Reviews compilation of the top land use and environmental law articles). Hari M. Osofsky, A Law and Geography Perspective on the New Haven School, 32 YALE J. INTL L. 421 (2007) (selected for Yale Journal of International Law Young Scholars Conference). Hari M. Osofsky, The Geography of Climate Change Litigation Implications for Transnational Regulatory Governance, 83 WASH. U. L.Q. 1789 (2005) (runner-up for Land Use and Environment Law Reviews compilation of the top land use and environmental law articles). Hari M. Osofsky, Learning from Environmental Justice A New Model for International Environmental Rights, 24 STANFORD ENVTL. L.J. 71 (2005). Book Chapters Hari M. Osofsky, Subnational Actors & International Environmental Law, in OXFORD HANDBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW (Lavanya Rajamani and Jacqueline Peel eds., 2021, forthcoming). Jacqueline Peel, Hari M. Osofsky & Anita C. Foerster, Next Generation Climate Change Litigation in Australia, in CLIMATE CHANGE LITIGATION IN THE ASIA PACIFIC (Jolene Lin & Douglas A. Kysar eds., 2020). Jacqueline Peel & Hari M. Osofsky, Litigation as a Climate Regulatory Tool in INTERNATIONAL JUDICIAL PRACTICE ON THE ENVIRONMENT QUESTIONS OF LEGITIMACY (Christina Voight, ed.) (2019, Cambridge University Press). Jacqueline Peel & Hari M. Osofsky, Polycentrism and Climate Change in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAW (Daniel Farber & Marjan Peeters, eds.) (2016, Edward Elgar Publishing). Hari M. Osofsky, Jessica Shadian & Sara L. Fechtelkotter, Preventing and Responding to Arctic Offshore Drilling Disasters The Role of Hybrid Cooperation, in ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW IN DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (Jacqueline Peel & David Fisher, eds) (2016, Brill Publishers). Hari M. Osofsky & Hannah J. Wiseman, Federalism, Institutional Design, and Environmental Compliance Possibilities for Hybrid Mechanisms, in NEXT GENERATION ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE AND ENFORCEMENT (2014, Environmental Law Institute). Hari M. Osofsky, Complexities of Addressing the Impacts of Climate Change on Indigenous Peoples through International Law Petitions A Case Study of the Inuit Petition to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in CLIMATE CHANGE, INDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND THE SEARCH FOR LEGAL REMEDIES (Randall S. Abate and Elizabeth Kronk, eds.) (2012, Edward Elgar Publishing). Hari M. Osofsky, Suburban Climate Change Efforts in Minnesota Implications for Multi-Level Strategies, in LOCAL CLIMATE CHANGE LAW ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION IN CITIES AND OTHER LOCALITIES (Benjamin R. Richardson, ed.) (2012, Edward Elgar Publishing). Hari M. Osofsky, Dispute Resolution Processes, in INTERNATIONAL LAW IN THE ERA OF CLIMATE CHANGE (Rosemary Rayfuse & Shirley V. Scott, eds.) (2012, Edward Elgar Publishing). Hari M. Osofsky, The Creation of the International Law of Climate Change Complexities of Sub-State Actors, in NON STATE ACTORS, SOFT LAW AND PROTECTIVE REGIMES 355 (Cecilia M. Bailliet, ed.) (2012, Cambridge University Press). Hari M. Osofsky, Technology Transfer and Climate Change, in SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER A GUIDE TO GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT (Hans Henrik Lidgard, Jeffery Atik & Tu Thanh Nguyen, eds.) (2011, Edward Elgar Publishing). Hari M. Osofsky, The Intersection of Scale, Science, and Law in Massachusetts v. EPA, 9 OREGON R. INTL L. 233 (2007) (actual publication 2008) (Symposium Issue) (reprinted in ADJUDICATING CLIMATE CHANGE STATE, NATIONAL, AND INTERNATIONAL APPROACHES (William C.G. Burns & Hari M. Osofsky, eds.) (2009, Cambridge University Press)). Hari M. Osofsky, The Right to Frozen Water The Institutional Spaces for Supranational Climate Change Petitions, in PROGRESS IN INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS CONFRONTING THE 21ST CENTURY (Rebecca Bratspies and Russell Miller, eds.) (2008, Martinus Nijhoff). Hari M. Osofsky, The Inuit Petition as a Bridge Beyond Dialectics of Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples Rights, 31 AM. INDIAN L. REV. 675 (2007) (Symposium Issue) (reprinted in ADJUDICATING CLIMATE CHANGE STATE, NATIONAL, AND INTERNATIONAL APPROACHES (William C.G. Burns & Hari M. Osofsky, eds.) (2009, Cambridge University Press)). Shorter Symposium Articles and Book Reviews Hari M. Osofsky, The Geography of Emerging Global South Climate Change Litigation, 114 AM. J. INTL L. UNBOUND 61 (2020) (Symposium Issue). Jacqueline Peel & Hari M. Osofsky, The Grass Is Not Always Greener Congressional Dysfunction, Executive Action, and Climate Change in Comparative Perspective, 91 CHICAGO-KENT L. REV.139 (2016) (Symposium Issue). Hari M. Osofsky, Complex Value Choices at the Environment-Energy Interface, 3 MICH. J. ENVTL. & ADMIN L. 261 (2014) (Symposium Issue). Hari M. Osofsky, The Geography of Solving Global Environmental Problems Reflections on Polycentric Efforts to Address Climate Change, 58 N.Y.L. SCH. L. REV. 777 (2013-14) (Symposium Issue). Hari M. Osofsky, Mapping International Environmental Law A Review of THE OXFORD HANDBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW (Daniel Bodansky, Jutta Brune & Ellen Hey, eds., 2007), 106 AM. J. INTL L. 715 (2012). Hari M. Osofsky, Keith Aoki--Darth Remainder, Duck, and Ninja for Social Justice A Model of Being There for People in Moments of Vulnerability, 45 U.C. DAVIS L. REV. 1699 (2012). Hari M. Osofsky, The Geography of Moo Ha Ha Keith Aokis Contributions to Critical Geography, 90 OR. L. REV. 1233 (2012). Hari M. Osofsky, Litigations Role in the Path of U.S. Federal Climate Change Regulation Implications of AEP v. Connecticut, 46 VALPARAISO U. L. REV. 447 (2012). Hari M. Osofsky, Climate Change and Crises of International Law Possibilities for Geographic Reenvisioning, 44 CASE W. RES. J. INTL L. 423 (2011). Hari M. Osofsky, AEP v. Connecticuts Implications for the Future of Climate Change Litigation, YALE L.J. ONLINE (2011). Hari M. Osofsky, Multiscalar Governance and Climate Change Reflections on the Role of States and Cities at Copenhagen, 25 MARYLAND J. INTL L. 64 (2010). Hari M. Osofsky, The Future of Environmental Law and Complexities of Scale Federalism Experiments with Climate Change under the Clean Air Act, 32 WASH. U. J.L. & POLY 79 (2010). Hari M. Osofsky, Scaling Local The Implications of Greenhouse Gas Regulation in San Bernardino County, 30 MICH. J. INTL L. 689 (2009). Hari M. Osofsky, Climate Change Legislation in Context, 102 NW. U. L. REV. COLLOQUY 245 (2008). Hari M. Osofsky, Local Approaches to Transnational Corporate Responsibility Mapping the Role of Sub-National Climate Change Litigation, 20 PAC. MCGEORGE GLOBAL BUS. & DEV. L.J. 143 (2007) (Symposium Issue). Hari M. Osofsky, The Geography of the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation's Citizen Submissions Process Mapping the State-Corporate Regulatory Dynamic, 14 MICH. ST. J. INTL L. 463 (2006). Hari M. Osofsky, Defining Sustainable Development After Earth Summit 2002, 26 LOYOLA L.A. INTL & COMP. 111 (2003). Student Publications Hari M. Osofsky, Domesticating International Criminal Law Providing Justice Against Severe Human Rights Violators, 107 YALE L.J. 191 (1997) (Student Note) (reprinted in LIBRARY OF ESSAYS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW JURISDICTION IN INTERNATIONAL LAW (1999)). Hari M. Osofsky, Environmental Human Rights Under the Alien Tort Claims Act Redress for Indigenous Victims of Multinational Corporations, 20 SUFFOLK TRANSNATL L. REV. 335 (1997). Hari M. Osofsky, Foreign Sovereign Immunity from Severe Human Rights Violations New Directions for Common Law Based Approaches, 11 NEW YORK INT'L L. REV. 35 (1997). Other Writing Virtual Symposium Contributor, Futures of Legal Education, PrawfsBlawg, httpprawfsblawg.blogs.comprawfsblawg2018-symposium-future-of-legal-ed (Mar. 2018). Hari Osofsky & Hannah Wiseman, The Pull of Energy Markets and Legal Challenges Will Blunt Plan to Roll Back EPA Carbon Rule, THE CONVERSATION, Oct. 13, 2017, httptheconversation.comthe-pull-of-energy-markets-and-legal-challenges-will-blunt-plans-to-roll-back-epa-carbon-rules-85561. Hari Osofsky, Environment Law for a Health Planet, Book Review of Client Earth by James Thornton & Martin Goodman, NATURE, May 17, 2017, httpswww.nature.comarticles545288a. Guest Blogger, Opinio Juris, httpopiniojuris.org (2015) (on Paris climate change negotiations). Blogger, IntLawGrrls, httpintlawgrrls.blogspot.com (20072013). Blogger, SALTLaw Blog, httpwww.saltlaw.orgblog (20102013). Blogger, Environmental Law Prof Blog, httplawprofessors.typepad.comenvironmentallaw (20112013). Hari M. Osofsky, A Win for Oregon As Well As the Law, THE OREGONIAN, April 5, 2007 (Opinion-Editorial). Hari M. Osofsky, Transporting Climate Change The Local Dimensions of a Global Environmental Problem, THE NEXT AMERICAN CITY (2006). Hari M. Osofsky, Katrina Disaster Exposes Environmental Injustice, THE REGISTER-GUARD, Sept. 7, 2005 (Opinion-Editorial). Hari M. Osofsky, Commentary on How to Harmonize Community Autonomy and Administrative Responsibility in Environmental Decision-Making Environmental Hearing Institutions in Wuhan, 24 TEMPLE ENV. L. & TECH. J. 225 (2005). 2 HUMAN RIGHTS DIALOGUE 11 (Joanne Bauer & Hari M. Osofsky, eds.) (Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs, 2004). Hari M. Osofsky, Environmental Rights Enforcement in U.S. Courts, HUMAN RIGHTS DIALOGUE (2004). Hari M. Osofsky, Understanding Hostage Diplomacy The Release of Wei Jingsheng and Wang Dan, YALE HUM. RTS. & DEVEL. L.J. (1998) (New Development). Hari M. Osofsky, On-Site Reflections of China's Hong Kong Takeover, THE TIMES-PICAYUNE, at B-7, July 17, 1997 (Opinion-Editorial).