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I concentrate my practice in the area of Environmental Law and Litigation, Climate Change Law and Policy, Sustainability and Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services and have concentrated my practice in environmental law and litigation beginning with the first joint degree at Yale Law School and Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and continuing for over thirty years of practice and six years teaching at Penn State. I am recognized as a leading lawyer in the fields of Climate Change and Environmental Law by Chambers USA America's Leading Lawyers for Business, by The Best Lawyers in America in environmental law and litigation and as a Pennsylvania Super Lawyer. In 2010 I received the Pennsylvania Bar Association Environment and Energy Law Section's 2010 Award for Distinguished Service to the Profession for my extensive academic and professional work and scholarship in the field of environmental law, climate change and sustainable development. I live and work from the farm where I grew up in Kennett Square Pennsylvania, next to Longwood Gardens. I am divorced with three children and four grandchildren. I am an avid swimmer and enjoy hiking and a variety of outdoor activities.
Region 3 – (DE, MD, PA, VA, WV & 7 federally recognized tribes)
Year of induction:
B.A. with Honors, Swarthmore College 1975 M.F.S. Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies 1979 J.D. Yale Law School 1979
United States Supreme Court United States Courts of Appeals for the D.C., Third and Tenth Circuits United States District Courts for the Eastern and Middle Districts of Pennsylvania, the District of Columbia and Colorado
Professional Societies and Organizations:
Environmental Inn of Court of the Delaware Valley, Master ABA SEER Committee on Climate Change, Sustainable Development & Ecosystems, Vice Chair PBA EEL, Climate Change Committee American Bar Foundation, Fellow Pennsylvania Environmental Council, Board Member East Marlborough Board of Supervisors, Chair Pennsylvania Biological Survey, Member
Other Environmental Career Experience:
1977 - Summer Clerk Environmental Defense Fund 1979-1981 Clerk for Hon. James L. Latchum, Chief Judge, United States District Court for the District of Delaware 1981-1987 Wolf Block Schorr & Solis-Cohen, Philadelphia PA 1982-2018, Ballard Spahr, Philadelphia PA, co-founded and co-chaired firm's Environmental and Natural Resources Practice Group and firm's Climate and Sustainability Iniative 2001-2007 Maurice Goddard Chair in Forestry and Environmental Resources Conservation, Penn State In addition to my current Board memberships, in the past I have served on the Boards of the Pennsylvania Resources Council, the Pennsylvania Chapter of The Nature Conservancy, the Clearwater Conservancy and several environmental education NGOs.
C. BAIRD BROWN & ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., From RPS to Carbon An Evolutionary Proposal, 50 E.L.R.10755 (SEPT. 2020). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR. & JOHN C. DERNBACH, Applying the Pennsylvania Environmental Rights Amendment Meaningfully to Climate Disruption, 9 MICH. J. ENVTL & ADMIN. L 50 (2018). FEDERICO CHEEVER WITH ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR. & ROBERT L. FISCHMAN, Forestry, Chapter 31, in Michael B. Gerrard & John C. Dernbach, eds., LEGAL PATHWAYS TO DEEP DECARBONIZATION IN THE UNITED STATES SUMMARY & KEY RECOMMENDATIONS (Environmental Law Institute 2018). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., THOMAS D. PETERSON & STEVEN CHESTER, Unlocking Willpower and Ambition to Meet the Goals of the Paris Climate Change Agreement (Part Two) The Potential for Legal Reform and Revision, 47 E.L.R. 10135 (FEB. 2017). THOMAS D. PETERSON STEVEN CHESTER & ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., Unlocking Willpower and Ambition to Meet the Goals of the Paris Climate Change Agreement (Part One) Shifting Needs of Law, Policy, and Economics, 46 E.L.R. 11024 (DEC. 2016). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR. & RONALD M. VARNUM, State Implementation of the Clean Power Plan Why It Matters to Industries Outside the Power Sector, 45 E.L.R. 11008 (Nov. 2015). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., Potential Implications for the United States of the Urgenda Foundation v. Netherlands Decision Holding that the UNFCCC and International Decisions Required Developed Nations to Reduce Emissions by 25% From 1990 Levels by 2020 (ABA SEER 2016). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., et al. Pennsylvania Common Pleas Court Turns Back Robinson Township Challenge to Waste-to-Energy Facility, Catalyst Magazine, Winter 20142015 ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., JENNIFER E. DRUST, & LEA A. PHILLIPS, Regulation of Non-Hazardous Waste Under RCRA, Chapter 15, THE RCRA PRACTICE MANUAL, THIRD EDITION, ABA Section of N. R. & Energy & Envt'l Law, Theodore L. Garrett, ed., American Bar Association. Chicago, IL (2014). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., Obamas EPA Memorandum Follows the Law, Does Not Make It, 30. NATURAL GAS ELECTRICITY, NO. 3 (WILEY OCT. 2013) ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR. H.DAVID PRIOR, JENNIFER E. DRUST, ANA C. MONTALBAN, & KIMBERLY D. MAGRINI,, Unpave a Parking Lot and Put Up a Paradise Using Green Infrastructure and Ecosystem Services to Achieve Cost-Effective Compliance, 42 E.L.R. NEWS & ANALYSIS 10824 (2012) ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., Abundant Win-Wins for Law Offices, ENVIRONMENTAL LAW FORUM 39 (MayJune 2012). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., The Clean Air Act A Suitable Tool for Addressing the Challenges of Climate Change, 41 E.L.R. NEWS & ANALYSIS 10301 (2011). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR. & DARIN LOWDER, Energy Efficiency and Conservation New Legal Tools and Opportunities, NATURAL RESOURCES & ENVIRONMENT, VOL. 25, NO. 4, SPRING 2011). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., BRENDAN K. COLLINS, & JENNIFER E. DRUST, Race to Regulation of Greenhouse Gases Accelerates Without Clear Destination, 133 BNA WORLD CLIMATE CHANGE REPORT (July 12, 2010) JOHN C. DERNBACH, ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR. & THOMAS D. PETERSON, Making the States Full Partners in a National Climate Change Effort A Necessary Element for Sustainable Economic Development, 40 E.L.R. NEWS & ANALYSIS 10597 (2010) ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., THOMAS D. PETERSON, ADAM ROSE & DAN WEI, The New Climate World Achieving Economic Efficiency In a Federal System for Greenhouse Gas Control Through State Planning Combined with Federal Programs, 34 N.C. J. INTL L & COMMERCIAL REG. 102 (2009). THOMAS D. PETERSON, ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR. & JOHN C. DERNBACH, Developing a Comprehensive Approach to Climate Change Policy in the United States That Fully Integrates Levels of Government and Economic Sectors, 26 VA ENVTL L.R. 219 (2008) to be republished in ENVT'L L. & POLICY REV. (2009). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., JOHN C. DERNBACH, & THOMAS D. PETERSON, Federal Climate Change Legislation As If the States Matter, NAT'L RES. & ENV. 3 (Winter 2008) MICHAEL STOSSER, KERRY DUKES, ROGER FELDMAN, ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., & MERRILL KRAMER, EBA Climate Change Primer Financing A Renewable Energy Project, 29 ENERGY L. J. 195 (2008). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR. & THOMAS D. PETERSON, The Implications of the New Old Federalism in Climate Change Legislation How to Function in a Global Marketplace When States Take the Lead, 20 PAC. MCGEORGE GLOBAL BUS. & DEV. J. 61 (2007). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., JAMES MCELFISH, & MICHAEL JACOBSON, Coordination and Planning Tools that Can Be Applied to Biodiversity Conservation, 16 WIDENER L. J. 879 (2007). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., JAMES MCELFISH, MICHAEL JACOBSON & DERALD HAY, Legal Tools That Provide Direct Protection for Elements of Biodiversity, 16 WIDENER L. J. 879 (2007). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., JAMES MCELFISH, & MICHAEL JACOBSON, Coordination and Planning Tools that Can Be Applied to Bodiversity CONSERVATION,37 E.L.R. NEWS & ANALYSIS 10070 (2007). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., JAMES MCELFISH, MICHAEL JACOBSON & DERALD HAY, Legal Tools That Provide Direct Protection for Elements of Biodiversity, 37 E.L.R. NEWS & ANALYSIS 10152 (2007). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., JAMES MCELFISH, MICHAEL JACOBSON & COREEN RIP, Opportunities For Regulation of Land Use and Development As a Legal Tool To Protect Biodiversity, 37 E.L.R. NEWS & ANALYSIS 10653 (2007). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR. Putting the Market to Work for Conservation The Evolving Use of Market-Based Mechanisms to Achieve Environmental Improvement in and Across Multiple Media, 14 PENN STATE ENVTL L.R. 151 (2006). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., Ecosystem Restoration and Federal Land Policy Reexamination in Light of The American Chestnut Restoration Effort, Restoration of American Chestnut To Forest Lands - PROCEEDINGS OF A CONFERENCE AND WORKSHOP, eds. John Carlson & Kim Steiner (The North Carolina Arboretum, Natural Resources Report NPSNCRCUENRR - 2006001,National Park Service, Washington, DC 2006). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., COREEN RIPP, & EMILY LISY, eds., BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION HANDBOOK STATE, LOCAL, AND PRIVATE PROTECTION OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY (Environmental Law Institute 2006) including the following chapters Robert B. McKinstry, Jr. & Coreen Ripp, Introduction The New Old Federalism and State Leadership in Addressing the International Issue of Biodiversity Conservation, Chapter 1 (17 pp). Robert B. McKinstry, Jr., James McElfish, & Michael Jacobson, Coordination and Planning Tools that Can Be Applied to Bodiversity Conservation, Chapter 17 (39 pp). Robert B. McKinstry, Jr., James McElfish, Michael Jacobson & Derald Hay, Legal Tools That Provide Direct Protection for Elements of Biodiversity, Chapter 18 (29 pp.). Robert B. McKinstry, Jr., James McElfish, Michael Jacobson & Coreen Rip, Opportunities For Regulation of Land Use and Development As a Legal Tool To Protect Biodiversity, Chapter 19 (36 pp). Robert B. McKinstry, Jr., James McElfish, & Michael Jacobson, Biodiversity Protection Through Acquisition of Land or Development Rights and Management to Conserve Biodiversity, Chapter 20(53 pp.). Robert B. McKinstry, Jr., James McElfish, & Michael Jacobson, Designing Transactions to Conserve Biodiversity and Lands Important to Biodiversity Funding Mechanisms, Chapter 21(20 pp.). Robert B. McKinstry, Jr. Effective Strategy for Addressing Global Biodiversity Issues Locally A Synthesis, Chapter 37(17 pp.). DONALD BROWN, NANCY TUANA, MARILYN AVERILL, PAUL BAER, RUBENS BORN, CARLOS EDUARDO LESSA BRANDO, ROBERT FRODEMAN, CHRISTIAAN HOGENHUIS, THOMAS HEYD, JOHN LEMONS, ROBERT MCKINSTRY, MARK LUTES, BENITO MLLER JOS DOMINGOS GONZALEZ MIGUEZ, MOHAN MUNASINGHE, MARIA SILVIA MUYLAERT DE ARAUJO, CARLOS NOBRE, KONRAD OTT, JOUNI PAAVOLA, CHRISTIANO PIRES DE CAMPOS. LUIZ PINUELLI ROSA, JON ROSALES, ADAM ROSE, EDWARD WELLS, & LAURA WESTRA, White Paper on the Ethical Dimensions of Climate Change, THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY ROCK ETHICS INSTITUTE (2006). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., ADAM ROSE, & COREEN RIPP, Incentive-Based Approaches to Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Pennsylvania Protection of the Environment and Promoting Fiscal Reform, 14 WIDENER L. J. 205 (2004). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., Local Solutions for Global Problems The Debate over Causes and Effects of Climate Change and Emerging Mitigation Strategies for States, Localities and Private Parties, 12 PENN ST. ENVTL. L. REV. 1 (2004). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., Laboratories for Local Solutions for Global Problems State, Local and Private Leadership in Developing Strategies to Mitigate the Causes and Effects of Climate Change, 12 PENN ST. ENVTL. L. REV. 15 (2004). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., Regulation of Non-Hazardous Waste Under RCRA, Chapter 15, THE RCRA PRACTICE MANUAL, SECOND EDITION, ABA Section of N. R. & Energy & Envt'l Law, Theodore L. Garrett, ed., American Bar Association. Chicago, IL (2004). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., Rights to Obtain Damages Under Pennsylvania Environmental Citizen Suit Provisions After Centolanza and Redland Soccer Club, 28 E.L.R. NEWS & ANALYSIS 10653 (1998). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR. & RICHARD POOLER, Buying and Selling Site Assessments, Acquisition and Divestiture Concerns, PRINCIPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT, eds. Gordon West, Ronald W. Michaud (1995). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., The Role of State Little Superfunds in Allocation and Indemnity Actions Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, 5 VILL. ENVTL L.J. 83 (1994). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR. & MARK STEVENS, Regulation of Nonhazardous Waste Under RCRA, RCRA PRACTICE MANUAL, ABA Section of N. R. & Energy & Envtl Law, Theodore L. Garrett, ed. (1994). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., Constraints Upon Development in Environmentally Sensitive Areas Regulation of Wetlands, Streams, and Floodplains in Pennsylvania, 2 VILL. ENVTL L.J. 333 (1991). ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR. & WINIFRED PRENDERGAST, Drafting a Mandatory Recycling Ordinance, 30 BIOCYCLE No. 6 at 78 (1989). DAVID G. MANDELBAUM & ROBERT B. MCKINSTRY, JR., Implications of Solid Waste Management Regulation for Coastal Resources, PROC. AM. WATER RESOURCES ASSN SYMP. ON COASTAL WATER RESOURCES 835 (1988).
Organized, drafted and submitted Rule-making Petition to PA EQB to Create Economy-Wide GHG Auction-Cap-and-Trade Program, httpfiles.dep.state.pa.usPublicParticipationPublicParticipationCenterPubPartCenterPortalFilesEnvironmentalQualityBoard201902PetitionGHGEmissionsGHGEmissionPetitionFebruary28,2019.pdf Organized and drafted Comments Supporting Proposed Pennsylvania RGGI Regulation by group of PA Lawyers, Law Professors and other Academics and Professions (January 13, 2021), fileCUsersroberDownloadsCOMMENTSONPROPOSEDRGGIRULE.pdf
Citations of Major Published Cases:
Massachusetts v. EPA, 549 U.S. 4497 (2007) EPA v. Homer City Generation, L.P., 1345 S. Ct. 1584 (2014) Michigan v. EPA, 576 U.S. 743 (2015) Raytheon Constructors, Inv. v. ASARCO, Inc., 368 F.3d 1214 (10th Cir. 2003) United States v. Helen Kramer, various